of research at the 1997 Winter Brain Conference. 14 of 15 golfers
reported significant improvement in golf scores.
Peak Performance EEG Training and The Game of Golf
Dan Chartier, Ph.D., Larry Collins, Ed.D., Darren Koons, M.A.
Data from pre- and post-training golf scores and Profile of Mood
States (POMS) scores indicate EEG feedback training has a beneficial
effect on golf skill development. Fifteen subjects completed a
two week series of 10 EEG training sessions and mind-body skill
integration practice sessions. The EEG training included a
protocol (BrainLink =AE*) that provided audio feedback contingent on the
simultaneous presence of three frequencies above a selected
threshold. The skill integration practice included: (1)
visualization of perfect performance of a selected golf skill while
maintaining targeted EEG activity and, (2) actual practice
of the skill while attempting to produce the mind-body state achieved during the feedback training.
Fourteen of the participants reported significant improvement in
their game as measured by comparison of pre- and post-training
scores. Twelve of the participants completed pre- and
post-training POMS. The post training POMS results for 10 of those
12 subjects showed development of what is called an "Iceberg
Profile", a pattern of scores that typically is found in elite athletes.
In addition to improvement in their golf game and development of
elite athlete mood states a number of participants also reported
significant improvement in physical and mental health. Although
medical and psychological symptoms were not a focus of this study,
several subjects reported improvement of troubling physical symptoms
including muscle spasm pain and angina. Reports of psychological
changes included improved concentration and stress coping.
The self reports of symptom improvement were supported by Symptom
Checklist 90 results. Comparison of SCL-90s completed before and
after training show marked improvement on all scales with the
obsessive-compulsive scale having the greatest change.
* BrainLink is a registered trademark of Advanced Neurotechnologies.